Whenever a cell becomes pathological, our DNA sends it a signal to self-destruct. This is one of the most powerful safeguards we have in preventing pathology and it works the majority of the time. Unfortunately, it only takes one pathological cell capable of blocking this signal for a pathology to form. It is specifically those cells that are capable of overriding the self-destruct signal from the DNA that continue to grow and eventually form pathologies. Ellagic acid reiterates the self-destruct signal in pathological cells. Unlike chemical protocols which damage healthy and pathological cells alike, apoptosis, or cell self-destruction, only applies to pathological cells and other damaged cells that are no longer useful or safe to have in the body.
Ellagic acid inhibits the viral enzyme integrase. Many viruses need this enzyme to enter our cells and complete their life cycle. By suppressing this key viral enzyme, viruses remain locked outside of our cells, unable to reproduce and cause harm. Since integrase is not a human enzyme, its inhibition does us no harm.
Ellagic acid inhibits the fungal and yeast enzyme Chitin Synthase II. All fungi and yeast need this enzyme to manufacture Chitin, a key structural polysaccharide used in their cell walls. By supressing this key fungal and yeast enzyme, the fungi and yeast are unable to grow. When they die at the natural end of their life cycle, they cannot be replaced as long as the Chitin Synthase II enzyme is inhibited. Since Chitin Synthase II is not a human enzyme, its inhibition does us no harm.
Ellagic acid inhibits the viral enzyme gyrase. All bacteria need this enzyme to maintain the integrity of their DNA. By suppression this key bacterial enzyme, bacterial DNA unspools and the bacteria die. Since gyrase is not a human enzyme, its inhibition does us no harm.
The exact mechanism by which parasites are affected by ellagic acid is not clear but current research points to the glutathione transferase pathway.